Acne often appears in adulthood, dermatologist reveals how to deal with it

Acne is not only experienced by teenagers. Adults also often experience it. According to experts, the main cause is hormones that affect skin oil production.

Women tend to be more prone to adult acne because of fluctuating hormone levels, says the American Academy of Dermatology. Adult acne tends to appear mostly on the lower third of the face, including the jaw line, chin, and upper lip.

Although these pimples can appear constantly, there are proven ways to treat them. Dermatologist and medical director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Dermatology and Cosmetics, Mary Sheu, recommends four things.

First, wash your face twice a day to remove oil and makeup. Second, use a topical retinoid cream to open the pores and exfoliate the skin. "Retinoids also have some anti-inflammatory effects, and increase the speed at which our skin cells divide," says Sheu. "It helps the skin heal faster."

Third, apply a topical anti-inflammatory (such as dapsone gel), or the oral prescription medication spironolactone, which can reduce the effects of male hormones. Fourth, chemical peels and blue light therapy can also help get rid of acne faster.

In addition, doctors also recommend a low-glycemic diet. The American Academy of Dermatology notes that several studies have shown that a high-glycemic diet (which contains lots of simple carbohydrates, such as those in refined grains and processed foods, and sugar) has been associated with an increase in acne, and a low-glycemic diet (which emphasizes complex carbohydrates). and whole foods such as fruits and vegetables) can help with this.

Also reduce consumption of cow's milk. Several studies have found that consuming dairy can worsen acne, says the AAD.

People who experience adult acne also need to reduce stress. "Researchers have found a link between stress and the appearance of acne," says the AAD. "In response to stress, the body produces more androgens (a type of hormone). These hormones stimulate the oil glands and hair follicles in the skin, which can cause acne."

Sheu says that if acne persists for more than a few months, it may be time to consult a doctor.

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